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# equal contribution        * corresponding author


28. Xinyue Liu#*, Siyuan Rao#*, Weixuan Chen, Kayla Felix, Jiahua Ni, Atharva Sahasrabudhe, Shaoting Lin, Qianbin Wang, Yuanyuan Liu, Zhigang He, Jingyi Xu, Sizhe Huang, Eunji Hong, Todd Yau, Polina Anikeeva*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Fatigue-resistant hydrogel fibers enable peripheral nerve optogenetics during locomotion, Nature Methods, (2023) [PDF] [SI]

27. Xinyue Liu#, Lenan Zhang#, Bachir El Fil, Carlos D. Díaz-Marín, Yang Zhong, Xiangyu Li, Shaoting Lin, Evelyn N. Wang*, Unusual temperature dependence of water sorption in semi-crystalline hydrogels, Advanced Materials, 35, 2211763 (2023) [PDF]

26Gustav Graeber, Carlos D. Díaz-Marín, Leon C. Gaugler, Yang Zhong, Bachir El Fil, Xinyue Liu, Evelyn N. Wang*, Extreme Water Uptake of Hygroscopic Hydrogels through Maximized Swelling-Induced Salt Loading, Advanced Materials, 2211783 (2023) [PDF]


25Xinyue Liu, Maria Eugenia Inda#, Yong Lai#, Timothy K. Lu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Engineered living hydrogels, Advanced Materials, 34, 2201326 (2022) [PDF]


24Xinyue Liu#, Yueying Yang#, Maria Eugenia Inda#, Shaoting Lin, Jingjing Wu, Yoonho Kim, Xiaoyu Chen, Dacheng Ma, Jianfeng Zang, Timothy K. Lu*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Magnetic-hydrogel living devices for intestinal localization, retention and diagnosis, Advanced Functional Materials, 31, 2010918 (2021) [PDF] [SI]

23.  Tzu-Chieh Tang#, Eleonore Tham#, Xinyue Liu#, Kevin Yehl, Alexis J. Rovner, Hyunwoo Yuk, Farren J. Isaacs, Xuanhe Zhao*, Timothy K. Lu*, Hydrogel-based biocontainment of bacteria for continuous sensing and computation, Nature Chemical Biology, 17 (6), 724 (2021) [PDF] [SI]

22Xuanhe Zhao*, Xiaoyu Chen#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Shaoting Lin#, Xinyue Liu, German Parada, Soft materials by design: unconventional polymer networks give extreme properties, Chemical Reviews 121 (8), 4309 (2021) [PDF]

21.  Jiahua Ni, Shaoting Lin, Zhao Qin, David Veysset, Xinyue Liu, Yuchen Sun, Alex J. Hsieh, Raul Radovitzky, Keith A. Nelson, Xuanhe Zhao*, Strong fatigue-resistant nanofibrous hydrogels inspired by lobster underbelly, Matter 4 (6), 1919 (2021) [PDF] [SI]


20Ji Liu#, Shaoting Lin#, Xinyue Liu#, Zhao Qin#, Yueying Yang, Jianfeng Zang*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Fatigue-resistant adhesion of hydrogels, Nature Communications 11 (1), 1071 (2020) [PDF] [SI]

19. Xinyue Liu, Ji Liu, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hydrogel machines, Materials Today 36, 102 (2020) [PDF]


18Shaoting Lin#, Ji Liu#, Xinyue Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Muscle-like fatigue-resistant hydrogels by mechanical training, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (21), 10244 (2019) [PDF] [SI]

17Xinyue Liu#, Christoph Steiger#, Shaoting Lin#, Ji Liu, German A Parada, Joy Collins, Siid Tamang, Hon Fai Chan, Hyunwoo Yuk, Nhi Pham, Giovanni Traverso, Xuanhe Zhao*, Ingestible hydrogel device, Nature Communications, 10, 493 (2019) [PDF] [SI] [Video Abstract]

16Shaoting Lin#, Xinyue Liu#, Ji Liu#, Hyunwoo Yuk, Jake Song, Hyun-chae Loh, German A. Parada, Charles Settens, Admir Masic, Gareth McKinley, Xuanhe Zhao*, Anti-fatigue fracture hydrogels, Science Advances, 5, eaau8528 (2019) [PDF] [SI]


15.  Yan Yu#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, German A. Parada#, You Wu, Xinyue Liu, Christoph S. Nabzdyk, Kamal Youcef-Toumi, Jianfeng Zang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Multifunctional “hydrogel skins” on diverse polymers with arbitrary shapes, Advanced Materials, 31 (7), 1807101 (2018) [PDF] [SI]

14Xuanhe Zhao, Xinyue Liu, Shaoting Lin, German Parada, Hyunwoo Yuk, “Fast-swelling, highly-swellable, robust hydrogel balloons,Unites States Patent, US16/965,633 (2018).


13Xinyue Liu#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Shaoting Lin, German Alberto Parada, Tzu-Chieh Tang, Eléonore Tham, César de la Fuente, Timothy K. Lu, Xuanhe Zhao*, 3D printing of living responsive materials and devices, Advanced Materials, 30 (4), 1704821 (2017) [PDF] [SI] [Video Abstract]

12.  Xinyue Liu#, Tzu-Chieh Tang#, Eléonore Tham#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Shaoting Lin, Timothy K Lu*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Stretchable living materials and devices with hydrogel–elastomer hybrids hosting programmed cells, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114 (9), 2200 (2017) [PDF] [SI]

11.  German A Parada, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xinyue Liu, Alex J Hsieh, Xuanhe Zhao*, Impermeable robust hydrogels via hybrid lamination, Advanced Healthcare Materials, 1700520 (2017) [PDF] [SI]

10Rio V Festarini, Minh-Hao Pham, Xinyue Liu, Dominik P J Barz*, A sugar-template manufacturing method for microsystem ion-exchange membranes, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 27 (7), 075011 (2017) [PDF]


9.  Hyunwoo Yuk, Teng Zhang, German Alberto Parada, Xinyue Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Skin-inspired hydrogel-elastomer hybrids with robust interfaces and functional microstructures, Nature Communications, 7 (1), 12028 (2016) [PDF] [SI] [Video Abstract]

8.  Jingjing Guo, Xinyue Liu, Nan Jiang, Ali K Yetisen, Hyunwoo Yuk, Changxi Yang, Ali Khademhosseini, Xuanhe Zhao, Seok-Hyun Yun*, Highly stretchable, strain sensing hydrogel optical fibers, Advanced Materials, 28, 10244 (2016) [PDF] [SI]

7Jie Deng, Lang Ma, Xinyue Liu, Chong Cheng, Chuanxiong Nie, Changsheng Zhao*, Dynamic covalent bond–assisted anchor of PEG brushes on cationic surfaces with antibacterial and antithrombotic dual capabilities, Advanced Materials Interfaces, 3 (4), 1500473 (2016)  [PDF] [SI]

6Jie Deng, Xinyue Liu, Lang Ma, Chong Cheng, Shudong Sun, Changsheng Zhao*, Switching biological functionalities of biointerfaces via dynamic covalent bonds, Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 4, 694 (2016) [PDF] [SI]

5.  Timothy K Lu, Xinyue Liu, Tzu-Chieh Tang, Eléonore Tham, Xuanhe Zhao, “Materials and devices containing hydrogel-encapsulated cells,” Unites States Patent, US16/318,958 (2016).


4Jie Deng, Xinyue Liu, Shuqing Zhang, Chong Cheng, Chuanxiong Nie, Changsheng Zhao*, Versatile and rapid postfunctionalization from cyclodextrin modified host polymeric membrane substrate, Langmuir, 31, 9665 (2015) [PDF] [SI]


3Xinyue Liu, Jie Deng, Lang Ma, Chong Cheng, Chuanxiong Nie, Chao He, Changsheng Zhao*, Catechol chemistry inspired approach to construct self-cross-linked polymer nanolayers as versatile biointerfaces, Langmuir, 30, 14905 (2014) [PDF] [SI]

2Jie Deng, Xinyue Liu, Wenbin Shi, Chong Cheng, Chao He, Changsheng Zhao*, Light-triggered switching of reversible and alterable biofunctionality via β-cyclodextrin/azobenzene-based host–guest interaction, ACS Macro Letters, 3, 1130 (2014) [PDF] [SI]

1.  Jie Deng, Xinyue Liu, Lang Ma, Chong Cheng, Wenbin Shi, Chuanxiong Nie, Changsheng Zhao*, Heparin-mimicking multilayer coating on polymeric membrane via LbL assembly of cyclodextrin-based supramolecules, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6, 21603 (2014) [PDF] [SI]